Rise of the newspaper

The spread of paper and printing from China to Europe preceded a major breakthrough in the transmission of news. With the spread of printing presses and creating new markets in 1500, the news has gone from a concrete and precise to a more emotional and freeform economic relationship. (Private bulletins containing important information, therefore, continued to be used by people who need to know.) The first newspapers appeared in Germany in early 1600. Relation historian go Furnemmen und gedenckwurdigen, from 1605, Is recognized as the first formal “newspaper” in the world; Although it was not a “newspaper” in the modern sense, the ancient Roman day minutes served a similar purpose to the year 131 BC.

The new format, which mixes many independent and possibly questionable reports from remote locations, has created a radically new and heartbreaking experience for your readers. They have appeared a variety of fairy tale styles to a compilations, reviews and analysis of both personal and impersonal news.

News for public consumption was controlled mainly by governments. In 1530, England had created a system of licenses for the press and prohibited “seditious opinions”. Under the Licensing Act, the publication simply presses approved, as evidenced by the London Gazette, bearing the words: “Published by authority.” Parliament authorized the termination of the Licensing Act in 1695, paving the way for a new era marked by the Whig and Tory journals. (Meanwhile, the stamp act restricts the distribution of newspapers simply making them expensive to sell and buy.) In France, censorship was even more constant. As a result, many Europeans read newspapers outside their national borders, especially the Dutch Republic, where publishers can escape state censorship.

The new United States experienced a newspaper boom beginning with the revolutionary era, accelerated by vigorous debates on the establishment of a new government, encouraged by subsidies contained in the Postal Service Act of 1792 and Continues in the 1800s. The American newspapers obtained many of their reports of copying stories. Thus, offering free postage-free newspapers that wanted to exchange copies, the Postal Service Law subsidizes a fast growing network news through which they could filter out the different stories. Newspapers flourished during the colonization of the West, driven by strong literacy and a culture of newspapers. In 1880, San Francisco rivaled New York in number of different newspapers and printed copies of newspapers per capita. Supporters of the new cities felt that newspapers covering local events brought legitimacy, recognition and community. The American of the 1830s, Alexis de Tocqueville wrote, was “a very civilized man prepared for a time to face life in the forest, sinking into the New World desert with his Bible, ax and newspapers. “An abundance of newspapers and a new climate of press freedom, followed by a return to repression under Napoleon.” In 1792, the revolutionaries established a news of the Ministry called the Bureau of Spirit.

Some newspapers published in the 1800s, and then retained the characteristic private commercial bulletins Renaissance. Newspapers focused on the economic plan published new types of data that allowed the advent of statistics, especially economic statistics that could shed light on sophisticated investment decisions. These newspapers are also available to wider sections of society, not just for elites, eager to invest part of their savings in stock markets. However, as in the case of the other newspapers, integrating the advertisement in the newspaper that it had justified reservations about accepting information to the newspaper face value. Economic newspapers have also become promoters of economic ideologies, such as the mid-twentieth-century Keynesianism.

Newspapers reached sub-Saharan Africa through colonization. The first English-language newspaper in the region was The Royal Gazette and the Sierra Leone Advertiser, established in 1801 and followed by The Royal Gold Coast Gazette and Commercial Intelligencer in 1822 and the Liberia Herald in 1826. Several 19th-century African newspapers Established by missionaries. These newspapers generally promoted colonial governments and served the interests of European settlers by conveying news from Europe. The first newspaper published in a mother tongue of Africa was the Muigwithania, published by the Central Kikuyu Association of Kenya. Muigwithania and other newspapers published by the African natives took strong positions of the opposition, vigorously waving for African independence. The newspapers were strongly censored during the colonial period and after formal independence. In the nineties there was some liberalization and diversification.

Newspapers soon spread to the Arab world, which had a strong tradition of oral communication, and mistrust of the European approach to news. At the end of the eighteenth century, the Ottoman Empire’s leaders in Istanbul supervised the European press, but its contents were not released for mass consumption. Part of the first written communication in the news of modern North Africa emerged in Egpyt under Muhammad Ali, who developed the local paper industry and began to circulate limited newsletters called jurnals. In the early 1850s and 1860s, the private press began to develop in the multi-religious Lebanon.

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